12 Facts you should know about depression

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Depression
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Sadness is something we all experience and it is only a small part of depression. Depression is the most common mental health issue, but sadly a lot of people take this lightly. Every person suffering from it goes through it differently. They experience sadness, lack of self-worth, inability to concentrate and suicidal thinking.

Now, for those people who never experienced depression, below are some facts you should know about it.

1. It’s more than just feeling sad.
A depressed person feels worthless, hopeless; angry and worst is being suicidal, which is a lot different from feeling sad. It’s like having a sinus infection or a bad head cold, but instead of the headache, you feel frustrated, instead of the fever, you feel angry, and instead of the nausea, you feel guilty.

2. It’s a physical illness.
Depressed people can experience headache, body pain, fatigue, changes in appetite, disrupted sleep and tiredness in addition to its emotional components.

3. People at any age can experience it.
A person is most likely to have depression by the time they’re already 18 years of age. And it is very prevalent among young adults.

4. Depression isn’t a choice.
People don’t choose to be depressed. They don’t choose to have low mood all the time. Depression is out of people’s control and you can’t do anything to stop it.

5. Depression could be genetic.
Emerging research is finding out that depression may genetic. According to scientists, there are approximately 15 genes in people’s chemical makeup that could be involved with depression and they are genes that correspond with the development of neurons in the brain.

6. Many people stay silent when they’re going through it.
People with depression often don’t speak up, due to fear of judgement and shame. Also, it is hard for them to explain what’s going on in their minds and hearts so they choose to stay quite.

7. It’s hard to live with depression.
A person with depression feels numb-devoid of any emotion and they can’t control, because they are wired for survival, not happiness, it doesn’t always work to just shove the negative emotions down, and their body and mind react to mental images.

8. Depression doesn’t define a person.
Depression is a disorder and not a personality flaw. It doesn’t define who you are because you don’t choose to be in that situation. However, it will always be a part of you , it doesn’t have to control you nor limit you, you just have to accept that there is nothing wrong with you and continue to live with it.

9. Even the happiest person can have it.
Some people may not seem to be depressed outside, but it’s the small things that stand out as a difference between healthy and depressed people.

10. It can change the functioning of the brain.
According to Healthline, The hippocampus is located near the center of the brain. It stores memories and regulates the production of a hormone called cortisol. The body releases cortisol during times of physical and mental stress, including during times of depression. Problems can occur when excessive amounts of cortisol are sent to the brain due to a stressful event or a chemical imbalance in the body. In a healthy brain, brain cells (neurons) are produced throughout a person’s adult life in a part of the hippocampus called the dentate gyrus. In people with MDD, however, the long-term exposure to increased cortisol levels can slow the production of new neurons and cause the neurons in the hippocampus to shrink. This can lead to memory problems.

11. It can range form mild to severe.
There are different kinds of depression. Some people may have mild, moderate, or severe depression. Mild depression usually causes symptoms that are detectable and has impact upon your daily life. While Moderate depression can cause real difficulties with work, social, and domestic activities. Meanwhile, severe depression causes distress, loss of self-esteem, feeling useless, and guilt.

12. It can lead to suicide.
Suicide is a distinct and major danger. People with severe depression usually commit suicide because they are depressed, tend to lose themselves in alcohol, due to disappointment and loss, personality abnormalities, and they have philosophical desire to die.

If you’re suffering from depression, you need to know that getting better is a practical option. And if you’re someone who never experienced depression, don’t ever take it lightly or underestimate those people suffering from it, because it’s never easy to be in their situation.