15 Greatest scientists who changed the world

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Isaac Newton
Image Credit: Commons Wikimedia

A lot of people came up with ideas, beliefs, research, experiments, and surveys to bring myths to reality. These people contributed for science to study different aspects of nature. They put keen interest on every phenomenon right from when they were kids.

Now, below are 15 greatest scientists who changed the world in no particular order.

1. Isaac Newton
Newton was responsible for discovering the law of gravity. He also revolutionized mathematics by introducing the concept of calculus. His other contributions include the study of Laws of Motion, invention of telescope and study of the speed of sound.

2. Albert Einstein
He revolutionized the modern physics with his general theory of relativity and discovered the Photoelectric effect, which formed the basis of Quantum Theory.

3. Nikola Tesla
He was a Serbian-American inventor, mechanical engineer, electrical engineer, physicist, and futurist that is best known for his contributions to the design of the modern alternating current (AC) electricity supply system.

4. Louis Pasteur
He was the first ever scientist to study about the fermentation in food elements that was caused by microbes. He also explained about bio-genesis, creates a process of toning and treating milk free from damage causing microbes to what he called “Pasteurization”.

5. Marie Curie Sklodowska
She is the only woman o the lists of scientists who changed the world and also the first woman to be honored with Nobel Prize. She is best known for her contributions on radioactivity and discovering elements which exhibited this property, such as radium, and thorium. Due to her invention of the radio active materials, she became the “mother of atom bomb”.

6. Michael Faraday
He is known for his discoveries of electromagnetic inductions and rotations, field theory, dia-magnetization and the magneto-optical effect. He also invented the electric motor and Faraday’s ring.

7. Charles Darwin
Darwin is best known for his contributions to the science of evolution. He established that all species of life have descended over time from common ancestors. Later on, his branching pattern of evolution resulted from a process that he called “natural selection”, where in the struggle for existence has a similar effect to the artificial selection involved in selective breeding

8. Archimedes
He is the genius mathematician who was responsible for laying the foundation of calculus. He also made discoveries on laws of lever, buoyancy, fluid equilibrium and hydro-statics.

9. Aristotle
Aristotle was the student of Plato and a tutor of Alexander the Great. He gained knowledge in different fields with his expansive mind and prodigious writings. He even made collections to the plant and animal specimens and classified them according to their characteristics which made a standard for future work. He further gave theories on the Philosophy of science.

Also, he elaborated and estimated the size of earth which Plato assumed to be globe and explained the chain of life through his study in flora and fauna where it turned from simple to more complex.

10. Galileo
He discovered the law of pendulum as he watched a chandelier swing in the cathedral of Pisa. He also discovered that the surface of moon was not smooth but contained burrows and holes to what he called crater.

11. Volta
Volta was the famous Italian Physicist who developed electrical battery, laying down the foundation of the electric age. The unit name of electricity which is “Volt” has been named to honor this great scientist.

12. James Clerk Maxwell
A Mathematical Physicist who founded the concept of electromagnetic field. Maxwell was the first person to take a color photograph after devising his study in optics and speed. His work laid the foundation for the thermodynamics and kinetic theory.

13. Thomas Alva Edison
Most of his inventions are batteries, phonographs, mining, cement, telegraphs, lights and powers. He also improved the telephone made by Graham Bell and invented the kinetoscope that was used for viewing films.

14. Stephen Hawking
He has been the face of gravitational singularity theorems. He is also a vocal advocate of many world’s interpretations of quantum physics and was awarded Presidential Medal of Freedom for his works.

15. Luis Alvarez
He gained fame when he discovered the iridium layer and his theory on dinosaurs. He also invented the Microwave Phase Array Antenna, that has helped in eradicating hostilities in airspace due to poor weather conditions.
These great scientists have made some amazing inventions and discoveries that have changed the way we live today.