November 30 is Bonifacio Day, and it became a holiday when the Philippine Legislature passed Act No. 2946. The holiday was first instituted with a decree and signed by American Governor-General to the Philippines Francis Burton Harrison in 1921.
In celebration of Andres Bonifacio’s heroism, below are some facts about his life and tragic death that forever changed the Philippine history.
1. Andres Bonifacio is the Father of Philippine revolution.
Andres Bonifacio was a Filipino revolutionary leader and the President of the Tagalog Republic. He is often called as the Father of the Philippine Revolution. He, along with other members, started a movement known in history as “Katipunan” o Kataastasan Kagalanggalangang Katipunan ng Mga Anak ng Bayan (KKK) in 1982. Their group was a secret revolutionary society that instigated revolts against the Spanish colonizers. He became the Katipunan Supremo (Supreme Leader) and president of the first revolutionary government.
2. He was named after a saint.
Catalina de Castro, a native Zambales gave birth to Andres Bonifacio on November 30, 1863. Together with his husband Santiago Bonifacio, they decided to name the child after St. Andrew who was celebrating his feast day on the same date.
3. Bonifacio may not have been from Tondo.
According to Dr. Dan Doeppers of University of Wisconsin, Bonifacio’s name could not be found in Tondo’s list of residents and tax payers. If this is true, Bonifacio either lived in a different City or simply an unregistered resident of Tondo.
4. Bonifacio did not come from a poor family.
Andres Bonifacio, the eldest son of Santiago Bonifacio and Catalina de Castro, had to drop out of school to support his five younger siblings. However, Andres did not live in poverty after the death of his parents. In fact, he even had a private tutor from Cebu who helped him learn Spanish and arithmetic .
His mother worked as a “supervisor” in a cigarette factory while his father worked directly under the gobernadorcillo.
Despite his parent’s death and the discontinuation of his formal education, Bonifacio kept on learning on his own by reading numerous books, including the works of Victor Hugo and Dr. Jose Rizal.
5. Bonifacio suffered operating several peculiar job opportunities.
He managed to do several jobs such as messenger, salesman, and ware-houseman. Aside from these jobs, he also acted in plays together with Macario Sakay and Aurelio Tolentino. His favorite role was of Bernardo Carpio, a fictional giant who stopped two mountains from colliding with each other.
6. Bonifacio was already a 30-year old widower when he met Gregorio de Jesus, his second wife.
The woman who would later be known as Lakambini was not Bonifacio’s first wife. A lady named Monica, his neighbor in Palomar, Bacoor was his first wife. They were married in 1880 and were together for ten years until Monica died of Leprosy in 1890.
7. The Philippines only have one known photograph of Bonifacio.
For a man of his importance, it’s hard to take that the Philippines only have one existing photo of him. And the details surrounding this photo aren’t even clear. The photo was dated 1896 from Chofre y Cia, a prominent printing press that time.
8. He once wore a baro’t saya.
Bonifacio once wore a baro’t saya to conceal his identity to the Guardia Civil and pass through their checkpoint, according to historians Ambeth Ocampo
9. Bonifacio wrote a famous poem.
Bonifacio wrote the famous poem entitled “Pag-ibig sa Tinubuang Lupa” under the pseudonym Agapito Bagumbayan.
10. Bonifacio was BFFs with Emilio Jacinto.
Bonifacio shared his knowledge and secrets with Jacinto. They even joined the same fraternity, participated in the same discussions, and mulled over books on revolutions such as the history of the French. He also used Jacinto’s version of the Cratilla because he found it better than his own. Throughout the revolution, Bonifacio looked after Jacinto like a big brother and plans with him like an equal.
11. Bonifacio worked with both Katipunan and La Liga Filipina.
La Liga eventually split because some members like Bonifacio lost hope for peaceful reform and stopped their monetary aid. The more conservative members, mostly wealthy members, who still believed in peaceful reforms, set up the Cuerpo de Compromisarios, which pledge continued support to the reformists in Spain. The radicals were subsumed into the Katipunan.
12. Bonifacio started the KKK.
On July 7, 1892, the morning right after Rizal’s deportation in order to dapitan, Andres Bonifacio started the Kataas-taasang Kagalanggalangang Katipunan (KKK). The minute KKK Supremo appeared to be Roman Basa.Although Bonifacio has been the founder, he exclusively went on through as Supremo within 1895 in addition to earlier than keeping the best situation this individual had been the actual institutions comptroller plus and then it has the fiscal.
13. Bonifacio made his first declaration of indepedence inside a cave.
Bonifacio’s declaration of independence inside Pamitinan Cave in Montalban, Morong province could be described as more solemn, simple, and restrained.
14. Emilio Aguinaldo sentenced Andres Bonifacio to death.
After Aguinaldo was elected as President, Andres Bonifacio and his brother Procopio were tried by the Council of War. Both of them were sentenced to death after being found guilty. Aguinaldo was the person who ordered the execution of the Bonifacio brothers.
15. Bonifacio was hacked to death with bolo.
On May 10, 1897, the execution team led by Lazaro Makapagal brought the Bonifacio brothers to the bushy mountain of maragondon. There, several gunshots instantly killed the two. But according to Gen. Guillermo Masangkay, one of Makapagal’s men admitted that Andres was stabbed using a bolo while his brother Procopio was shot to death.
Now that you finally know some facts about Andres Bonifacio, the Philippines Father of Katipunan, feel free to share it to your friends so they’ll also gain knowledge about it.