The National Flag Day in the Philippines is celebrated during May28-June 12. It commemorates the first use of the Philippine flag after the victory in the battle of Battle of Alapan on May 29, 1898. The national flag was yet formally announced on the day of that battle. It was formally presented to the people on June 12, 1898. Here are facts you should know
Here are 15 facts you should know about the Philippine Flag.
1. Emilio Aguinaldo designed the Philippine Flag
The Filipino revolutionary Emilio Aguinaldo designed the Philippine flag on 1897. It is a horizontal bicolor of royal blue over scarlet red and there is a white equilateral triangle at the hoist with a golden sun. The golden sun has eight rays in the center and a 5-pointed gold star at each vertex.
2. The flag was first raised on May 28, 1898
The flag was first raised after the Battle of Alapan, Imus,Cavite that happened on May 28, 1898.
3. Marcela Agoncillo sewed the first flag
Marcela Agoncillo sewed the Philippine flag in Hongkong with the help of her daughter Lorenza and Mrs. Josephina Herbosa de Natividad (niece of Dr. Jose Rizal).
4. The National flag serves as the war flag
Unlike any other country which utilizes other flags in times of war, the Philippine flag is still used but is flown with and to the left if displayed in hanging position.
5. The white triangle symbol
The white triangle, long a symbol of change and of the Katipunan, was adopted during the final stages of the flag’s completion.
6. The colors red, white and blue
You might usually hear or read that the blue color stands for freedom, peace, truth and justice, while the red color symbolizes courage and patriotism. Also, the white color stands for libertityand equality. However, these three colors actually signify the Philippines’ gratitude towards the United States for their disinterested help in the county’s liberation and fighting by their side.
7. Three stars and a Sun
The three stars signify the three principal islands of the archipelago during the time the flag was first flown: Luzon, Mindanao, and Panay. The sun symbolizes the efforts of all the revolutionaries who shed their blood for the country, and its eight rays signify the eight provinces who were principal members of the revolution- Manila, Cavite, Bulacan, Pampanga, Nueva Ecija, Bataan, Laguna, and Batangas.
8. The proportion of the flag
The proportion of the flag is 1.2 which means, the length of the flag is twice its width.
9. Adding a ninth ray to the sun
The provincial government of Zambales also suggested that a 9th ray should be included in the flag but it was denied. A crescent moon to the flag is also suggested by Muslims but it is still on process.
10. Display of the Philippine flag is compulsory night and day in Malacañan Palace
Display of the Philippine flag is compulsory, night and day, in Malacañan Palace, Philippine Congress, Libingan ng mga Bayani, Supreme Court, Rizal Monument, Aguinaldo Shrine, Barasoain Church, Tomb of the Unknown Soldiers, Libingan ng mga Veteranos and all ports of entry.
11. Philippine flags with faded color must be immediately replaced
Philippine flags with faded colors, worn and tear must be immediately replaced and even if it is already wear down and torn it should not be burn. There is an appropriate ceremony in discarding a dilapidated Philippine flag.
12. The flag should not touch the ground
The Philippine flag should not touch the ground, water or any object at any time. It should be raised briskly and should be lowered ceremonially.
13. Philippine flag was not allowed to be raised for more than a decade
For more than a decade, the Philippine flag was not allowed to be raised. During the American colonial rule, the display of the Philippine flag was declared illegal by the Sedition Act of 1907. This law was repealed on October 30, 1919.
14. During the inclement weather
During inclement weather, the Philippine flag may not be raised but if it is already raised, the flag must remain raised.
15. The flag must be displayed in private buildings and houses
The Philippine flag must be displayed also in private buildings and houses on April 9 – Araw ng Kagitingan, May 1 – Labor Day, last Sunday of August – National Heroes Day, November 30 – Bonifacio Day and December 30 – Rizal Day.
There you have it! These are just some facts you should know about the Philippine flag as we celebrate the National Flag Day.