World AIDS Day: 15 Signs of HIV you should know

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Signs of HIV you
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December 1 marks as the world AIDS Day, a day dedicated to spread awareness about human immunodeficiency virus (HIV) infection, which causes the Acquired Immune Deficiency Syndrome (AIDS). Now, here are some signs that you may be HIV-positive.

1. Fever.
In its early stages, fevers are recurring and can last for two to four weeks at a time. A fever is actually a good sign that your immune system has not completely shut down.

2. Headache.
Primary headaches are recurrent and not generally associated with an illness. These often indicate that HIV is in the early stages. Secondary headaches, such as from sinus infections or meningitis, often occur during the later stages of HIV.

3. Sore throat.
Although these sound like a cold or the flu, they could be symptoms of the initial stages of HIV. his usually goes along with a fever and night sweats.

4. Night Sweats.
HIV night sweats can be so severe that they soak the pajamas and bed-sheets. Many patients say that they are impossible to sleep through.

5. Diarrhea.
Diarrhea is a problem within the digestive tract and is most likely caused by a viral, fungal, or bacterial infection that has taken over because the immune system has been weakened.

6. Skin rashes.
Skin rashes can occur early or late in the course of HIV/AIDS. Early symptoms included patches of red, itchy, flaky, inflamed skin on the scalp, face, or chest. Some studies have found that this itchy rash was the second most commonly reported symptom.

7. Weigh Loss.
Weight loss is a sign of more advanced illness and could be due in part to severe diarrhea. A person is considered to have wasting syndrome if they lose 10% or more of their body weight and have had diarrhea or weakness and fever for more than 30 days.

8. Dry cough.
This symptom is an insidious cough that could be going on for weeks that doesn’t seem to resolve.

9. Muscle pain or Joint pain.
Muscular problems are often one of the first symptoms of HIV. These types of pains intensify as the disease progresses.

10. Fatigue.
The inflammatory response generated by your besieged immune system also can cause you to feel tired and lethargic. Fatigue can be both an early and later sign of HIV.

11. Nail Changes.
Another sign of late HIV infection are nail changes, such as clubbing (thickening and curving of the nails), splitting of the nails, or discoloration (black or brown lines going either vertically or horizontally).

12. Genital herpes.
This is because genital herpes can cause ulcers that make it easier for HIV to enter the body during sex. And people who have HIV tend to have more severe herpes outbreaks more often because HIV weakens the immune system.

13. Menstrual irregularities.
HIV disease appears to increase the risk of having menstrual irregularities, such as fewer and lighter periods.

14. Difficulty in concentrating.
This includes motor changes: becoming clumsy, lack of coordination, and problems with tasks requiring fine motor skills such as writing by hand.

15. Yeast Infections.
Another fungal infection that’s common in later stages is thrush, a mouth infection caused by Candida, a type of yeast. You will find white patches on your tongue and this infection is hard to get rid of.

These symptoms can last anywhere from a few days to several weeks. And as the virus continues to multiply and destroy immune cells, it typically progresses to AIDS in 10 years, if left untreated.

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